Fruit Trees for The Summer Season
Summer is the perfect time to add fruit trees to your garden. The warmer weather creates an ideal environment for tree establishment and sets the stage for a bountiful harvest in the years ahead. But with the sheer number of varieties available, choosing the right fruit tree can sometimes be a daunting task. This article is here to simplify the process and inspire you to embark on your fruit tree planting adventure.
In this guide, we’ll navigate through the top fruit trees that flourish during the UK’s summer season. We’ll dive deep into fruit tree care post-planting. Discuss varieties resilient to various weather conditions, and recommend options suitable for different soil types.
1. Apple Trees
A quintessential addition to British gardens, apple trees come in a broad spectrum of cultivars. Each one catering to distinct tastes and climates. Take for instance the versatile ‘Bramley’, a favourite in British cuisine. Or the ‘Cox’s Orange Pippin’, celebrated for its unrivalled flavour. Both make exceptional options for your garden. Acclimating well to the UK’s diverse weather conditions and multiple soil types, apple trees are an adaptable and rewarding choice for any garden enthusiast.
2. Pear Trees
Pear trees serve as another splendid addition for a UK summer garden. Renowned for their remarkable flavour and resilience, varieties like ‘Conference’ and ‘Williams Bon Chrétien’ stand out among the rest. While pears favour a slightly warmer climate, they are not limited to it and can still prosper in cooler regions. With a flexible disposition towards soil conditions, they thrive in various soil types. Especially loamy and well-draining soils.
3. Cherry Trees
Cherry trees contribute a blend of aesthetic appeal and taste to your garden. Showcasing resilience even in the UK’s harshest weather conditions. Varieties such as ‘Stella’ and ‘Morello’ are favoured for their adaptability and cold tolerance. Requiring well-draining soil, these trees flourish in an array of lighting conditions, from sun-kissed spots to areas with partial shade.
4. Fig Trees
For those garden enthusiasts craving a touch of novelty, a fig tree is a great choice. Fig trees have a preference to warmer climates. Specific varieties such as ‘Brown Turkey’ and ‘Brunswick’ exhibit a remarkable ability to thrive in the UK’s milder regions. These trees need a protected location, ideally against a south-facing wall, and well-draining soil.
Caring for Fruit Trees
Caring for your fruit trees involves a few crucial steps, which include regular watering, timely pruning, appropriate fertilising, and effective pest and disease management.
Watering: Regular watering is vital, especially during periods of dry weather, ensuring the tree roots stay hydrated but not waterlogged. It’s best to water deeply around the tree base, avoiding the leaves, as remaining water can potentially cause leaf burn when exposed to the sun. We recommend watering early in the morning or late in the evening, when the sun is least intense, to prevent any potential damage.
Pruning: Pruning is typically carried out in late winter or early spring. It involves the removal of dead, diseased, or intersecting branches to allow better air circulation. It helps prevent infections and shapes the tree for optimal fruit yield.
Fertilising: Providing your fruit trees with a balanced fruit tree fertiliser in early spring and midsummer ensures they receive the essential nutrients needed for healthy growth and fruitful yield. Follow the manufacturer’s guidelines for correct dosage.
Pest and Disease Management: It’s essential to routinely check your trees for common pests and diseases, such as aphids, codling moths, or apple scab. You can opt for organic methods or seek advice from local garden centres for suitable solutions to keep your trees healthy.
For a more in-depth understanding of fruit tree care and maintenance, click here.
Recommendations for Different Soil Types
Depending on where you live, your garden will have a specific soil type. The most common ones around the UK are clay, sandy and loamy soils. It’s important to know which soil type you have, as it will allow you to select plants that will thrive in your garden, saving you money and time. If you’re unsure of which soil type you have, check out this RHS guide to soil types.
If your garden has a predominance of heavy clay soil, opt for fruit trees like ‘Gala’ apples, ‘Concorde’ pears, or ‘Stella’ cherries. These varieties are renowned for their tolerance of clay soil and their ability to adapt well to its moisture-retaining properties.
Gardens with sandy soil, known for its well-drained nature and lower water retention, will benefit from fruit trees such as ‘Golden Delicious’ apples, ‘Beth’ pears, and ‘Bing’ cherries. These trees are specifically known for their compatibility with sandy soil.
Deemed ideal for fruit tree growth, loamy soil – a balanced blend of sand, silt, and clay – serves as an excellent base for varieties like ‘Braeburn’ apples, ‘Doyenne du Comice’ pears, and ‘Sweetheart’ cherries, allowing them to truly flourish.
Planting fruit trees during the UK’s summer season paves the way for a garden rich in delicious fruits. The broad spectrum of options – apple, pear, cherry, and fig trees – ensures there’s an ideal choice for every climate and soil type. By adhering to a proper care routine that includes watering, pruning, fertilising, and managing pests, you can reap the rewards of these trees’ delightful beauty and tasty fruits for years to come.
So, it’s time to roll up your sleeves, pick out the perfect fruit tree variety, and begin cultivating your personal orchard under the warm summer sun!